How many termite species are there in Australia?

Of around three hundred species of termite in Australia, only about twenty are of economic importance in there own regions.

There are 3 main groups of structural timber destroying termites in Australia:

Subterranean, Drywood, & Dampwood termites

Dampwood termites belong to the family Kalotermitidae. These termites live inside the wood they eat and are rarely encountered in domestic homes.

Subterranean termites (families Rhinotermitidae and Termitidae) are much more common in urban areas, usually live in the soil & randomly forage for wood to eat.

Subterranean Termites

Mastotermes
Coptotermes
Schedorhinotermes
Microcerotermes
Nasutitermes
Heterotermes

Dampwood Termites

Porotermes Adamsoni
Neotermes insularis

Drywood Termites

Cryptotermes

Below are pictures of termite soldier caste heads of the important species that attack building structures in Australia

Click on photos to zooom
Termite Life Cycle
Heads of Termite Soldier Castes
Differences between ants and termites

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If white-ants (its a misnomer, they are the same as termites) are a problem for you, please call us without delay on 0417 251 911, or send us a message for a free quote and advice about Pest Control Sydney& Metropolitan area in NSW

Differences between ants and termites


Picture of Cryptotermes brevis Termites

Cryptotermes brevis soldier caste
Soldier body length: From 5mm to 8mm

Identification
The West Indian Drywood termite has a rough undulating head with short broad mandibles. The head is dark in colour. They do not form large single colonies but build separate smaller nests over a wide area. Evidence of termite activity is ryptotermes brevis soldier and worker caste termitessmall piles of frass. The termite frass is small brown gritty pellets (smaller than a pinhead). The debris is different to ant debris as it does not contain fibres or parts of dead insects.

Habitat
in Australia has been found in buildings in cities and provincial towns

Nests
forms multiple nests in heartwood and softwood of timber. Also attacks dry timber in buildings.

Range
found throughout the world. Introduced to Australia where it has been found in Queensland including Brisbane, Rockhampton and Maryborough. Also recorded in Sydney and Canberra.

West Indian Drywood termite
West Indian Drywood termite is one of the most destructive pest species of termites in the world. It is sometimes not detected until serious damage has takes place in buildings. Many colonies can be present in same building and termite fumigation of the whole building may be the only means of control (e.g. by wrapping the entire building in plastic and fumigating with methyl bromide). West Indian drywood termite attack is restricted to construction timber, furniture and occasionally paper products

Castes:

There are 4 different castes of adults for Cryptotermes brevis termites

  • Queen & King
  • Worker
  • Soldier
  • Reproductive