Pest Control Glossary
Abaxial: distanced from the axis; lower segment of the leaf
Abdomen: term related to insects, the rear or hind part of the insect
Abamectins: a biologically derived compound (organic) which assists in disrupting the nervous system along axons
Action Threshold : the point at which a pest infestation reaches a crucial point where immediate action is required to prevent the infestation from becoming severely damaging to the property
Active Ingredients: the element(s) within a pesticide formula which attribute its toxicity
AcuteToxicity: refers to the negative effects immediately following oral/dermal exposure or inhalation of a toxic pesticide
Adaxial: approaching the axis; the upper segment of the leaf (related – Abaxial)
Adult: an animal, insect or plant which is in its final stage of growth/maturity
Adulterate: to compromise the integrity of a solution by adding improper or unsuitable substances
Aerosol: Liquid particles which have been suspended within a very fine fog/mist which enables the transportation of diluted chemicals.
Aerial Applicator: reference to the individual/operator who makes use of a helicopter/aircraft to apply a chemical
Air Blast Sprayer: a machine designed for treatment of large tree crops. By making use of pesticides diluted within water ejected by a strong air current which reaches as far as 30m into a canopy. The tank utilized generally has a maximum capacity of 1500 – 3700 litres. General rule for application is 25% of usual wetting load of water / 380 litres per acre.
Alate: processing wings
Allomone: A chemical which aids the producing species while having an adverse impact on a different recipient species
Allopatric: referring to a species which occurs in more than one separate area. Therefore not adjoining in space.
Ametabolous: not subject to undergoing metamorphosis
Antennae: a pair of sensitive structures predominantly found on the head of adult insects. These are also often found during the stages of growth apart from the larval form.
Appendage: any structure or segment which is attached to the body of a creature / organism
Application Equipment: the tools/equipment utilized in the pesticide treatment application
Applicator Licensing: mandatory requirement for any pest controller servicing within Australia
Applicator: the individual responsible for the application of pesticides/insecticides
Apterous: term referencing an insect’s lack of wings
Aquatic: water dwelling
Arista: common term relating to ants which refers to the large bristle located upon the upper dorsal edge of the antennae segment
Arthropod: an invertebrate creature (belonging to the Arthropoda phylum). Legs are segmented and a hard exoskeleton is present (e.g. insects, spiders, millipedes)
Attractant: a chemical/substance which acts to lure a pest to an insecticide or bait/trap. These vary from pheromones, heat, light etc.