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What are bed bugs?

Bed bugs in Sydney NSW are insects of the Order Hemiptera and Family Cimicidae, which has over 90 species around the world and 2 in Australia, the common bed bug Cimex lectularius, and the tropical bed bug, Cimex hemipteus.

Bed-bugs are wing-less, parasites that feed off the blood of animals.
The common bed bug (Cimex lectularius) is a pest of humans this species has recently become a problem in Australia and other countries all over the world.

Bed bugs have three basic life stages; egg, nymph, and adult.

There are five juvenile stages, which feed on blood, moult and grow over time. The adult is about the size of an apple seed.

Where Did Bed Bugs Come From?

It is unclear exactly why and from where bed bugs re-emerged as a pest in our homes, dormitories, hotels, and shelters, but the resurgence was noticed throughout the world in the late 1990’s.

Before World War II, it was estimated that nearly 30% of Australian homes had bed bugs.

From the 1950’s a lot of residual sprays including DDT, chlordane and Dieldrin were often italicised inside dwellings, which although dangerous to health, slowed down the bugs’ proliferation.

As such, BedBugs were nearly absent for 50 years in Australia. It is thought that bed bugs may never have truly disappeared in Australia. In my early days as a pest controller, I never saw any bed bugs anywhere in Sydney, they were virtually unknown here for decades.

Where Do Bed Bugs Hide Out?

Customers often find it very hard to pinpoint where the bed bugs are coming from. This is due to the fact that Bed Bugs are capable of squeezing into tiny cracks on furniture, bedding, and even between floorboards.
 As such you will often find that treating them with a can of mortein is very ineffective. To successfully exterminate bed bugs you need to ensure that all areas are appropriately treated with a pesticide that targets the control of bed bugs.
 Important areas to treat are; floorboards and carpets, bedding, furniture, cracks and crevices (treatment with a power based pesticide) as well as the boundaries of rooms to prevent the bed bugs from travelling to other areas of the property.
 We also incorporate the use of specific bombs that contain not only a broad spectrum pesticide but an Insect Growth Regulator (IGR) as well – ensuring that the bed bugs don’t reproduce and reinfest down the line!
 In the picture below you can see how bed bugs have been identified in a small cavity which a wooden beam slides in to, making it exceptionally hard to find them without dismantling the whole bed!

Are Bed Bugs a Seasonal Issue?

The short answer is no. Bed Bugs are a year round threat and are most prolifically found in hotels/motels/B&B’s due to the fact that they spread through travel! Everyone knows how disgusting it is to overnight at an establishment that has bed bugs through the linens, they’re never a welcome sight. 

Bed Bugs flourish in densely populated rooms with a high amount of people traffic. As such we would recommend quarterly or 6 monthly bed bug treatments if you own a business providing overnight stay. We offer comprehensive bed bug treatments that incorporate 6 different treatment strategies which results in a thorough and LASTING treatment. Call us today to get those bed bugs gone!

0417 251 911 |

They always must feed on hosts in order to grow, & although they will primarily feed at night-time, bed-bugs will sometimes bite during day-time. Bed bugs in Australia have never transmitted any disease at all to human beings.

Symptoms of Bed Bugs

It is known that common symptoms of bed bugs are the itchy welts of victims, though some victims will not show any welts.

Reactions may vary widely & bites by themselves can’t be used to confirm the existence of a bed bug infestation. Bites to some unfortunate people may lead into other more serious secondary infections by the scratching of the bites.

In some situations, Anemia has been reported locally in chronic infestations. This has been where elderly persons and the very young in cases where their homes have been rather heavily infested with the bugs. Also Asthma has recently been linked overseas to bed-bugs infestation in houses.

More risks can arise with the use of insecticides to treat bed bug problems in the home, particularly when individuals attempt to eradicate bed bugs without the help or advice of a professional pest manager.

bed bugs

Bed Bug Control Sydney

A1 Pest Control are experts at fast and low toxic control of these pests and this strategy helps resolve these types of problems.

Call Bruce on 0417 251 911 or email him at for more information & help with your problem

How to get rid of Bedbugs?

Pesticides alone, or the use of any single method, will not eliminate bed bugs.

Management of bed bugs should begin at the first sign of a problem. The longer an infestation is allowed to exist, the more difficult and expensive it will be to control. It may take several months to get rid of bed bugs if there is a large infestation.

 Tenants and management staff must work together to get rid of bed bugs in a systematic fashion.


 An eradication programme must be communicated throughout the building, because these vermin can transfer through apartments, including electrical and  plumbing lines.

Building staff must insist that tenants abide by these procedures and follow up all complaints via a reputable pest management firm.

As well as affecting a family sleeping, bed bugs (Cimex lectuarius) can cause serious health concerns.

Generally, bed bugs are more of a nuisance pest than a serious health threat. There is no evidence to indicate that they transmit any infectious disease.

Bed bugs can live up to six months at room temperature and can survive for months without having a blood feed.

Bed bugs can walk short distances to adjoining rooms or can be carried over greater distances in and on people’s luggage and belongings.

This is how bed bugs are moved from infested premises to new premises around Australia and internationally.

Pest control professionals are encouraged to talk to the owners of the properties with multiple beds – particularly hotels and motels – about problems associated with bed bugs.

Recent studies from the University of Kentucky in the United States of America showed that about a staggering 74 per cent of pest management professionals reported problems with bed bugs in hotel rooms.

This rise in bed bugs is couples with a changing public perception, with 43 per cent of people now expressing the attitude that bed bugs are a concern.

A single occurrence of bed bugs can massively impact a hotels business and brand reputation.

Exposure to legal action continues to rise jeopardising hotel shareholder equity.

A Virginian (USA) woman recently sought $5 million in a lawsuit over bed bugs. A federal judge ruled in her favour and a jury will hear her case.

While the insects do not transmit disease, they are a nuisance, infesting bedding and other furniture and leaving clear symptoms of biting.

Effects of Bed Bugs on the Human Health

Bed bugs mostly attack the suck blood: they are parasites that only get nourishment through this route.

This leaves your skin feeling itchy and with reddish bumps, and in severe cases the blood sucking may leave you anaemic.

Other health concerns are related to bed bug infestations are:

Allergies: These do not occur to everyone. Some show mild forms and others, extreme reactions that call for medical intervention.

Infections: By piercing your skin, bed bugs make way for pathogenic agents to enter your body and to cause systemic infections.

Sleep Deprivation: Bed bugs are generally nocturnal(night sleepers). They attack you at nigh when you are asleep, thus interfering with your rest. IN some cases they may lead to insomnia (complete lack of sleep).

Mental Conditions: The annoyance from the pest contributes to mental issues such as depression, anxiety, and psychosis (in dire cases).

Bed bugs are small but visible insects.

Bed bugs life stages:

  1. The whitish egg (about 1 mm in length),
  2. 5 nymph growth stages (pale in colour) that are 1mm to 4.5 mm, and
  3. Adults which can be as long as 7 or 8 mm when fed.
Dried blood on sheets is usually the first sign of an infestation.
 There may also be live bugs and eggs where droppings are found.
DON’T mistake bed bug droppings for cockroach poo. Cockroaches drop little pellets, not round ones. There may also be Oothecas (egg cases) see below.

When searching for bed bugs it is important not to overlook the nymphs, which can be difficult to spot. Look for nymphs where droppings and stains appear, especially in crevices on fabric and wood surfaces.

 Bed Bug Bites

Bites will instantly tell you that you have a problem (as if you didn’t know!). The bite marks will leave a particular marking on your skin that may stretch our in a line. Bed bugs will feed only on blood. They insert will pierce your skin repeatedly to search for a blood vessel.

Saliva gets released into your skin which causes an allergic reaction that feels like an itch.

Some people are not allergic and hence do not have any reaction at all.

Not everyone in a residence will react the same way and many times only one person will show signs of bites, leading others to believe it cannot be bed bugs and just imagined by the sufferer.

It is critical to confirm bed bugs in the sleeping or living area through inspection to be sure that bites are caused by bed bugs and not by other pests.

Other Causes of Itching and Bites Apart from Bed Bugs

  • Mosquitoes – mosquitoes will mainly feed between nightfall and dawn, but some species will feed during the day. Mosquito bites have a large red and white wheal.
  • Lice – Head, body and pubic lice
  • Ticks – They are usually found around bush-land and long grassy areas.
  • Fleas – Fleas need to have animal hosts such as pets like cats or dogs.
  • Bird & rodent mites – Hear any noises in the roof, walls or on the building?
  • Birds should be discouraged from nesting on the building or in AC units.
  • Scabies – Scabies is a mite also known as the human itch mite. Its a parasite that immerses itself into your skin, producing little welts which contain mites and their eggs. Scabies are not a pest management issue, and do not require treatment of a room or home, however bedding and clothes should be laundered at high temperatures for sanitation reasons.
  • Spiders – Spiders can bite and leave small wounds when they bite. Spider bites are rare as they mainly want to live outside away from you!

Is YOUR home protected from Bed Bugs? Remember A1 for your home’s complete bed bug control and pest management systems.

Bed bugs cannot survive any area with temperature of below 0 degrees Celcius . However, any attempt to kill bed bugs by chilling a room has a low chance of success, as the cold temperature should be maintained for at least two weeks. Pest control experts such as A1 will normally use a wide array of aerosols, low-odour sprays or dusts.

Maintaining proper hygiene and cleanliness is the best way to avoid bed bug bites. Vacuum regularly (even on areas where you don’t have carpets) and change bedding every few days.

Best Bed Bug Mattress Encasement?

Bed Bug Mattress Encasements will protect you from an initial infestation in your mattress base (box spring)

At least 70% of bed bugs present in an infestation colonise the mattress and infrastructure of the box springs. If there is an infestation, our zippered encasements will eliminate the opportunity for bed bugs to find a home.

The latest Non Toxic Total Method – “Mattress Encasement”

This type of protection has the patent pending “Zipper hook”. This is now certified to protect against bedbugs.
BugLock® has recently achieved an accreditation as a Pest Control Management Product in the United States.

Several “Bite Tests” and “Penetration & Escape Tests” were also performed with success on the BugLock®’s “Ultimate” brand encasement with a zipper. This later was tested by the best certified entomologists to determine whether or not bed-bugs may feed on people via penetrating the fabric.

This type of test also worked out whether the identical mattress encasements can be utilised as a part of a bedbug eradication, exclusion/ inclusion plan.
 It was found out from these tests that the offending bed bugs have absolutely no way of penetrating the fabric to get to human feeds.

This proves that BugLock®’s has an ability for the prevention of infestations of all species of bed bug in these mattresses and box springs.


    • Durable stretch-knit fabric
  • Fire retardant
  • Bed Bug Warranty
  • Impermeable to Dust mites, Bed-bugs, mould and bacteria
  • It stretches to fit depths up to 18 to 30 centimetres

Call Bruce on 0417 251 911 or email him at if you have a problem with bedbugs.

"We first used A1 Pest Control a few years ago when we noticed a few termites under a wine barrell in the rear yard of our home. We asked A1 Pest Control Sydney to pay us a visit to have a thorough termite inspection of our home. Bruce and his crew were on time, and very well presented. They explained how they would get rid of the termite infestation using a low toxic method and how their Thermal cameras worked, It worked very well and now we can sleep at night!"
Gary and Carol Harman
"We have been using Bruce form A1 Pest Control for over 4 years now. We bought our new house on the Hills Area, and moved in. our neighbours had problem with rodents and spiders so they are using A1 next door. I asked them if they could come over and treat our house too, as i didn't want to chase pest around our home. The service was not only effective, but carried out without any smelly fumes that we have experienced in our last house. They solved problem next door and I haven't seen a bug since."
Melissa Topper
"A1 Pest Control exterminators where great! I'm very happy to say that they solved a bed bug problem that I had after we had visitors from overseas visit us. I would recommend A1 Pest Control to anyone needing a safe and effective treatment of bed bugs"
Amanda Wu
"Bruce solved our commercial pest control problem in Castle Hill. Cockroaches were throughout our factory and they were completely gone after two visits from his exterminators. Just seeing one cockroach can lose us clients. I know now everyhing is ok, and our reputation is intact"
Raj Beri, Europa International
"Bruce from A1 Help us get rid of a bad spider infestation that have been troubling us for a while. It was done with low toxic spray and his crew even game me some cockroach and ant baits to get rid of them. I have recommended A1 to all my friends and family"
Carmel Thomas
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